Backup Google Apps Script using Github Actions

Ravgeet Dhillon
Ravgeet Dhillon on Aug 15, 20207 min read
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Google Apps Scripts are amazing. Without setting any servers, we can do a lot of things like collecting form responses, email marketing campaigns, etc. But as a developer, we like our code to be on Version Control System like Github. In this blog, we will discuss how can you setup Github Actions to automatically backup your Google Apps Scripts to Github.

Contents

Prerequisites

Before getting started, we assume that you have set up the following:

  • A Google Apps Script Project
  • A Github Account

1. Installing Clasp

Clasp is a Google tool to develop Apps Script projects locally. It is short for Command-Line Apps Script Projects. Setting up Clasp is simple. Follow this amazing guide by Google to get your login credentials, which we will be using later while setting up Github Actions.

Once you have successfully logged in, use the following command to get the content of the credentials file.

cat ~/.clasprc.json

2. Creating a new Repository

Depending upon your requirement, create a new public/private repository at Github. Once you have created a new repository, add a .gitignore file with the following content:

.*.json

This prevents our credential file to be committed back to the repository.

3. Adding important files

Now it’s time to add some new files to the repository.

a.) setup.sh

This script will prevent us from logging in again by using our already logged in credentials from Github Actions secrets, which we will be setting up later. Add the following bash code to the file:

#!/bin/sh

LOGIN=$(cat <<-END
    {
        "token": {
            "access_token": "$ACCESS_TOKEN",
            "refresh_token": "$REFRESH_TOKEN",
            "scope": "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive.file https://www.googleapis.com/auth/service.management https://www.googleapis.com/auth/script.deployments https://www.googleapis.com/auth/logging.read https://www.googleapis.com/auth/script.webapp.deploy https://www.googleapis.com/auth/userinfo.profile openid https://www.googleapis.com/auth/userinfo.email https://www.googleapis.com/auth/script.projects https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive.metadata.readonly",
            "token_type": "Bearer",
            "id_token": "$ID_TOKEN",
            "expiry_date": 1595752666211
        },
        "oauth2ClientSettings": {
            "clientId": "$CLIENT_ID",
            "clientSecret": "$CLIENT_SECRET",
            "redirectUri": "http://localhost"
        },
        "isLocalCreds": false
    }
END
)

echo $LOGIN > ~/.clasprc.json

Replace the scope key value with value in your ~/.clasprc.json.

b.) scripts.json

This script will contain the id and name of the Google Apps Script projects. We can add single or multiple projects here depending upon our backup strategy. Add the following JSON object to the file:

[
    {
        "id": "google-apps-script-project-id",
        "name": "google-apps-script-project-name"
    },
    {
        "id": "google-apps-script-project-id",
        "name": "google-apps-script-project-name"
    }
]

c.) clone.sh

This script will use clasp’s clone command to download all the scripts that we provide in the scripts.json file. This script will delete all the previous projects committed in the repository. This is an important step to reflect the deleted files in the Github. Add the following bash code to the file:

#!/bin/sh

# remove all the pre-existing projects
rm -r -f */

content=$(cat scripts.json)
for row in $(echo "${content}" | jq -r '.[] | @base64'); do
    _jq() {
      echo ${row} | base64 --decode | jq -r ${1}
    }

    # get name and id for project
    name=$(_jq '.name')
    id=$(_jq '.id')

    # create a project directory
    mkdir $name
    cd $name

    # clone the project using the clasp
    clasp clone $id

    # come out of the directory
    cd ..
done

4. Setting up Github Actions

Now comes the best part of the project. We will automate the whole backup process using Github Actions. We will schedule the script to run every midnight using Cron job syntax. The workflow setups the repository, installs Node, installs Clasp, runs Clasp Setup, clones the Google Apps Scripts, checks whether new changes are present, and commits them back to the repository as required with a pre-defined commit message.

name: Backup

on:
  schedule:
    - cron: '0 0 * * *'

jobs:
  backup:
    runs-on: ubuntu-latest

    env:
      ACCESS_TOKEN: ${{ secrets.ACCESS_TOKEN }}
      REFRESH_TOKEN: ${{ secrets.REFRESH_TOKEN }}
      CLIENT_ID: ${{ secrets.CLIENT_ID }}
      CLIENT_SECRET: ${{ secrets.CLIENT_SECRET }}
      ID_TOKEN: ${{ secrets.ID_TOKEN }}
      REMOTE_BRANCH: master

    steps:
      - name: Setup repository
        uses: actions/checkout@v2

      - name: Setup Node
        uses: actions/setup-node@v1
        with:
          node-version: '12'

      - name: Install Clasp
        run: npm install -g @google/clasp

      - name: Install jq
        run: |-
          sudo apt update -y
          sudo apt install jq -y

      - name: Setup Logins
        run: bash setup.sh

      - name: Clone Scripts
        run: bash clone.sh

      - name: Update Progress
        run: |
          if [ $(git status --porcelain=v1 2>/dev/null | wc -l) != "0" ] ; then
            git config --global user.email ${GITHUB_ACTOR}@gmail.com
            git config --global user.name ${GITHUB_ACTOR}
            git add .
            git commit -m "github-actions: took backup"
            git push --force https://${GITHUB_ACTOR}:$@github.com/${GITHUB_REPOSITORY}.git HEAD:${REMOTE_BRANCH}
          fi

5. Adding Github Actions Secrets

We can get our Action Secrets values from the ~/.clasprc.json and add them accordingly.

Setting up Github Actions Secrets
Setting up Github Actions Secrets

Results

Hurray! We can see that the Github Action workflow completed successfully at 00:00 UTC.

Scheduled Actions workflow completed successfully
Scheduled Actions workflow completed successfully

Let us check our repository to confirm that the backup was taken successfully.

Backup taken successfully to Google Apps Script
Backup taken successfully to Google Apps Script

We can see that the Google Apps Scripts projects were committed back to our repository with a commit message github-action: took backup. Using this workflow, we can stay connected with both Google Apps Script and Github. If you any doubts or appreciation for our team, let us know in the comments below.

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ABOUT AUTHOR

Ravgeet Dhillon

Ravgeet is a Co-Founder, Freelancer and Developer at RavSam. He helps startups, businesses, open-source organizations with Digital Product Development. He is a fan of Jamstack and likes to work with Flutter, Strapi, Nuxt/Vue and Python. Connect with Ravgeet on Twitter and LinkedIn.

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